Converting Patterns Between Knit and Crochet
Have you ever found a beautiful pattern, absolutely perfect, but
it's knitted and you prefer to crochet? Or the reverse?
Here are some tips to help you convert that pattern to a form you're more
familiar with. Yes, there is some math involved but don't let that scare
you. Calculators are pretty cheap these days. :)
Here's how I go about converting a knit pattern to crochet for clothing:
A few things to keep in mind:
- Using the knit gauge for the pattern you've chosen (sts per inch and
rows per inch - should be stated in the pattern), convert the numbers to
inches or centimetres. You should then be able to come up with a rough
sketch (if none is provided) of the size and shape of the garment piece(s).
(Be sure you're using the measurements / stitch count for the same size
garment all the way through.)
- Then the fun part - play around with different stitches and yarns and hooks
to get a similar fabric (light and drapery, airy and open, heavy and solid,
etc.) A stitch dictionary can be very helpful here, if you have one, or go
through your collection of crochet patterns and magazines for ideas and
- Pick the stitch pattern (or patterns) you like best, carefully measure your gauge in crochet,
then convert the number of stitches and rows required, etc. A calculator
makes the job go much faster. Also, the larger the swatch, the more
accurate your measurements will be.
- If a schematic is provided for the knit pattern, photocopy it and write the
results of your calculations and other notes right on the pattern. Do take
lots of notes as you work on the item in case you decide to make it again
some time in future. Don't forget to note the yarn type (and when you're
done, yarn quantity) and hook you used!
- Measure your work regularly as you go and compare it to the original
pattern, just to be sure your sizing is on track, and you should
eventually come up with a comparable garment. Tada!
Be sure you have lots of extra yarn if converting from knit to crochet.
I believe crochet generally uses about one third more yarn than a comparable item done in knit with the
same yarn, ie if you need about 1200 metres to knit it, plan on at least
1600 metres if crocheted. Afghan (Tunisian) crochet uses even more!
- Knitters get a break here. You'll generally need less yarn than stated
when converting a crochet pattern to knitting.
Remember, this is with the same yarn. You can't do a straight
math calculation if you're substituting sport weight for worsted, etc. If
that's the case, you should measure and then ravel out your swatch and
measure the number of yards / metres which cover that particular area
(square inches / cm) and go from there (though it's a bit more complicated
if the pattern has lots of shaping). Always err on the side of too much
yarn rather than too little no matter which way you're converting.
- Remember, you will get a comparable item, not an exact copy
of the original pattern. If that's what you want, you'll have to learn
the other craft! :)
From Needles to Hook
If you want a book that will help you decide which crochet stitches to use in place of which knitted stitches, and a more thorough understanding of gauge and the conversion process from knit to crochet, this is the one. You'll find lots of stitch patterns here, including photos of knitted and crocheted samples, all in colour! Includes text instructions and some sample patterns (such as pot holders, purse, cat bed). An excellent reference.
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