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Crochet Glossary

If you've come across a term or abbreviation in the Crochet section that you're not familiar with, please have a look below. If you don't see it here, please let me know and I'll add it.
ch
chain, the chain stitch in crochet - almost always used for your first row or round, also used between other stitches in lacy or textured stitch patterns
colourway
colours - usually used to describe the colours of a particular multicoloured yarn or thread - sometimes used to decribe the colours used in a particular project, ie the blue colourway or the orange colourway of the same sweater
cont
continue
darn in ends, darn in yarn ends, darn in thread ends
to use a yarn needle or darning needle to weave any loose ends of yarn or thread into the fabric, both to keep them hidden from view and to keep your fabric from ravelling out
darning needle
a large blunt metal sewing needle with a large eye, can often be used with yarn or thick thread in place of a yarn needle - also used to sew or otherwise join pieces of fabric together
dc
double crochet, the North American version of the double crochet stitch
dc 2 tog
work first dc but don't complete the last step, work next dc but don't complete the last step, then pull a loop through all loops on hook
decrease round or row
the round or row in which you decrease the number of sts worked, usually by working 2 of them together into one
dropped stitch
to purposely, or more often accidentally, skip over a stitch, without working it, and then continuing on with your work - this decreases the number of sts you're working on, usually leaves an unsightly hole, and can mess up a pattern stitch
flower stitch
see Flower Stitch instructions
gauge
a measurement of the number of stitches and rows in fabric, usually per inch or per 4 inches (2.5 cm or 10 cm), also known as tension
hdc
half double crochet, the North American version of the half double crochet stitch
hdc 2 tog
work first hdc but don't complete the last step, work next hdc but don't complete the last step, then pull a loop through all loops on hook
hk
crochet hook
inc
increase, to add to the current number of stitches to widen the fabric
incl
include
marker, insert marker, place marker
insert a commercial stitch marker, small loop of yarn or thread, paperclip, safety pin, bobby pin or similar item to mark this particular place in your work
mm
millimeter, a unit of measurement which is often used to size crochet hooks and knitting needles - its use removes the problem of converting different countries' sizing systems (For the curious, there are about 25 mm to an inch)
petal stitch
see Flower Stitch instructions
post stitch, front post stitch, back post stitch
a stitch which is worked around the vertical post formed in the previous (or earlier) row or round - can be worked from either the front or the back to give different effects
ravel
to undo completed stitches, either purposely or accidentally
rep
repeat, to do the instructions over again, usually the section to be repeated is enclosed in asterisks or is referred to by row or round number
rip out, rip back
to purposely undo some of your work, usually to go back to the spot an error was made in an attempt to fix it before continuing on with your work - ripping it all out refers to ravelling out the whole piece of fabric and starting over from the beginning
rnd
round - when making tubular material, working stitches all the way around until you're back where you started (or as directed by the pattern)
row
working stitches all the way across a flat piece of work until you reach the other end (or as directed by the pattern)
sc
single crochet, the North American version of the single crochet stitch
sc 2 tog
work first sc but don't complete the last step, work next sc but don't complete the last step, then pull a loop through all loops on hook
sk, skip
to pass over the next stitch(es) without working it (them)
skein
one of the forms yarn or thread can be in when purchased, looks something like a short piece of very thick rope
sl, sl st, ss, slip
slip stitch, the North American version of the slip stitch in crochet
sp, space
a small opening, either occurring naturally in the stitch pattern or placed there purposely during a previous round or row
st, sts
stitch, stitches
stiffener, stiffening
substance applied to completed work to give it body, such as starch
swatch
a practice sample of work made in the pattern stitch(es) using the yarn or thread and hook you intend to use - the purpose is to try out the yarn or thread, practice the stitch(es), check colour combinations, but most imporantly, to check your gauge
tc, trc, tr cr
treble crochet, the North American version of the treble crochet stitch
tc 2 tog, trc 2 tog, tr cr 2 tog
work first tc but don't complete the last step, work next tc but don't complete the last step, then pull a loop through all loops on hook
tension
a measurement of the number of stitches and rows in fabric, usually per inch or per 4 inches (2.5 cm or 10 cm), also known as gauge
thread
similar to sewing thread but usually thicker, most often cotton but can also be made of other natural or synthetic fibres, usually has very little if any elasticity
turn
turn your work around so the other side of the fabric is facing you
variegated thread or yarn
thread or yarn which changes colour over its length
wool
the fibres from a sheep's coat, also refers the yarn formed from these fibres - sometimes used generically to mean any yarn whether manmade or natural
work even
continue single crocheting, half double crocheting etc. in stitch pattern established, without increasing or decreasing
work in ends, work in yarn ends, work in thread ends
to use a yarn needle or darning needle to weave any loose ends of yarn or thread into the fabric both to keep them hidden from view and to keep your fabric from ravelling out
yardage
the length of yarn or thread contained in a particular ball or skein of yarn
yarn needle
a large blunt sewing needle, often plastic but sometimes metal, with an eye large enough to thread with yarn or thick thread - you can often use a darning needle instead - also used to sew or otherwise join pieces of fabric together
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